Canada has the longest coastline in the world at 243,042 km (including the mainland coast and the coasts of offshore islands).
Along the shore of Lake Huron’s Georgian Bay in Ontario lies the longest freshwater beach in the world. Wasaga Beach is 14 kilometres long with a rare atmosphere of tranquility and serenity.
The highest tides in the world occur in the Bay of Fundy which lies between Canada’s Nova Scotia and New Brunswick provinces, and touches the U.S. state of Maine.
Yukon has the highest mountain in Canada. Mt. Logan, which is 5,959 high, is the highest mountain in Canada and the second-highest peak in North America, after Denali. The mountain was named after Sir William Edmond Logan, a Canadian geologist and founder of the Geological Survey of Canada.
Canada has 48 national parks. The parks cover more than 340,000 km2, which is over 3 per cent of Canada’s landmass. The parks not only protect exotic land and marine habitats and geographical features but are also sites of cultural significance.
The Rocky Mountains are a major mountain range stretching 3,000 miles from British Columbia and Alberta in Canada through Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and down to New Mexico in the United States of America. The Canadian Rockies offers dramatic wilderness, diverse wildlife, alpine lakes and outdoor recreation sites. They are home to the ice-capped peaks, including towering Mt. Robson, Yoho National Park with its massive Takakkaw Falls, Jasper, with the famously accessible Athabasca Glacier, and Banff, site of glacier-fed Lake Louise.
The world’s most northerly sand dunes are in Northwest Saskatchewan at Athabasca Provincial Park. They are 30 metres high. The Sand Hills of Saskatchewan near Moose Jaw are also a sight to behold.
Half of Canada is covered with forests. In fact, one-tenth of the world’s forests are here.
The coldest temperature ever recorded in Canada was -63°C (-81.4°F) on February 3, 1957 in Snag, Yukon.